Other deportation centres

In deze telegram schrijft Alida Abas-de Vries dat zij na gevangenschap in de Hollandsche Schouwburg de volgende middag naar de kade werd gedeporteerd en daarna naar de trein (collectie: JHM).In Amsterdam, apart from the Hollandsche Schouwburg, the Germans designated other locations for assembling Jews before deportation. When the transports from the Netherlands had just started, in July 1942, Amsterdam Jews had to report at the city's Central Station, for immediate deportation. In 1943 Jews were sent on immediate transport from Polderweg close to Muiderpoort Station, and from the Borneo and Panama Quays in the city's eastern harbour district, Zeeburg aan het IJ. There was also the Zentralstelle für jüdische Auswanderung (Central bureau for Jewish emigration), which like the Hollandsche Schouwburg was used as assembly point both for immediate transport and deferred deportation.

Gedeporteerden stappen uit vrachtwagens bij treinstation, 1943 (foto NIOD). In The Hague the Jewish Home (Joodsch Tehuis) at 27 Paviljoensgracht became the assembly point for Jews of The Hague. They would be kept here for several hours, or sometimes several days, until the number 13 tram conveyed them at night to waiting trains at the city station (now called Central Station). Jews from The Hague would sometimes be deported directly from the station. In Rotterdam the designated place was in the harbour district, in one of the warehouses - number 24. This location was close to a railway line. Almost all the Jews deported from Rotterdam left from this point. There were assembly points elsewhere in the Netherlands, and Jews were also deported straight from local police stations.