Hasselt

In 1563, two Jewish doctors and their families were granted permission to reside in Hasselt, despite a royal decree of 1546 barring Jews from the Spanish Netherlands. Their sojourn was brief, they left Hasselt in 1570. There is evidence that a Jew was involved in a trial in Hasselt in the mid-seventeenth century. In 1720, the city fathers of Hasselt, in the hope of stimulating trade, offered Portuguese Jews the right of residence but none reacted. Soon after, however, a number of Ashkenazic Jews settled in Hasselt. From 1670 - 1700, a Jew was leaseholder of the local lending bank.

In 1774, the town council provided the Jews of Hasselt with a plot of land outside the Veenepoort on which to bury their dead. In 1825, following the destruction of the cemetery by a flood, a new cemetery was established behind the Van Stolkpark on the Bolwerk. In 1802, a synagogue was consecrated in the Ridderstraat.

Torah mantle from the Hasselt synagogue, 1916The Jewish community of Hasselt was poor. In 1813, most breadwinners worked as slaughterers or traders. Between 1820 en 1835, the economic situation of the Hasselt community was so bad that it lost its independence. A brief improvement of the situation during the late 1830's enabled the community to renovate its synagogue. In 1853, the community lost its independence once again but regained it anew twenty years later. The Hasselt community remained small until its demise in the Second World War. The community maintained two voluntary organizations: a burial society and a women's society for the upkeep of the synagogue.

Most of the Jews of Hasselt were deported and murdered during the war. A small number managed to survive in hiding. The synagogue was destroyed together with its contents, including ceremonial objects and Torah scrolls. The Hasselt community was officially dissolved and administratively merged with that of Zwolle in 1947. The cemetery is now maintained by the local authorities. A Hebrew inscription on a local war monument memorializes the murdered Jews of Hasselt.


Jewish population of Hasselt: 

1795 47
1809 42
1840 40
1869 36
1899 35
1930 7


Collectie en mediatheek

 DE GROOTE DOORBRAAK IN DEN MUUR OF STEENEN BEER, BIJ HET JODEN KERKHOF BUITEN HASSELT,...  1725 (ca.)
Dijkdoorbraak met woeste watermassa waarin drenkelingen en voorbij drijvend huisraad
te zien is. Langs de kant op de voorgrond staan volwassenen en kinderen hulpeloos ...
Collectie > Museumstukken > 07419

 Dossier  
Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

meer treffers in Collectie > Documenten

 Portretfoto  1942
Simon van Hasselt en dochter, met jodensterren, op de Vismarkt in Groningen, 1942.
Collectie > Fotos > 40000202

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 [Binnenlandse berichten (2)]: 's Gravenhage  1902
Verslag van drie vergaderingen : de heer JH Kann werd herkozen tot lid van de Centrale
Commissie./ Vergadering van het synagogaal ressort 's Gravenhage./ Laatste ...
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20050938

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 De joodse gemeenten in de kop van Overijssel  1981
De joodse gemeenten in de kop van Overijssel.
Collectie > Literatuur > 11500270

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jhm.nljhmkindermuseum.nlhollandscheschouwburg.nlportugesesynagoge.nletshaim.nljoodsmonument.nlmenassehbenisrael.nl