Former synagogue at Dedemsvaart, 1985 (WL)

The Jewish community of Dedemsvaart was officially recognized in 1836.

The oldest surviving document pertaining to the Jews of Dedemsvaart dates to 1835 and pertains to the rental of a space for use as a synagogue. By 1854, a synagogue existed somewhere to the south of Dedemsvaart proper. In 1886 a new synagogue was built on the Markt in the center of the town. This synagogue remained in use until the German occupation of the Netherlands during the Second World War. Jewish communal institutions in Dedemsvaart included a religious school and a women's society for the provision and maintenance of synagogue accoutrements. The oldest Jewish cemetery in Dedemsvaart dates from 1844. From 1883 on, the community buried its dead in a separate Jewish section at the municipal cemetery.

During the Second World War almost the entire Jewish population of Dedemsvaart was deported and murdered. Only a few members of the community managed to survive the war in hiding. A number of Jewish patients passed the war in the nearby psychiatric institute Rijksasiel Veldzicht.

The Jewish community of Dedemsvaart was dissolved in 1947 and administratively merged into that of the city of Zwolle. The Dedemsvaart synagogue was used as a workplace during the war. The building passed into private ownership in 1987 and, despite attempts to save it, was razed in 1988. A Star of David inscribed in the pavement marks the site of the vanished synagogue.

The Jewish section of the municipal cemetery was declared a national monument in 2003. It is now maintained by the local authorities. An inscribed stone commemorates the lost Jewish community of Dedemsvaart.

Jewish population of Dedemvaart and surroundings:

1809 -
1840 35
1869 73
1899 75
1930 47

Collectie en mediatheek

Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

 Fotoalbum  1930 (ca.)
Fotoalbum van de familie C. Sanders uit Coevorden, circa 1930.
Collectie > Fotos > 40001331

 Overzichtsfoto  1985
Voormalige synagoge te Dedemsvaart, 1985.
Collectie > Fotos > 40002843

 [Binnenland] : Dedemsvaart  1902
Verslag van de afscheidsdienst van de heer A. Dwinger.
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20000620

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