Valkenburg

Jews settled in Valkenburg during the 1720s. As the century passed, the number of Jews in the town grew. In 1792, the Jews of Valkenburg purchased ground for a cemetery along the Dwingelweg near the Berkelpoort. The cemetery still exists and can be found between the present-day Daalhemerweg and the Van Meijlandstraat. Synagogue services were held in a rented house on the Beekstraat in Valkenburg beginning in 1796.

Post card of the Lindelaan in Valkenburg with kosher Hotel-Restaurant Soesman, ca. 1908At the start of the 19th century, the Jewish population of Valkenburg declined. As a result, during the reapportionment of Jewish communities by the Nederlands Israëlitisch Kerkgenootschap in 1821, the Jews of Valkenburg were assigned to the Bijkerk (local community) of Meerssen. Later in century, the Jewish population of Valkenburg rose once again and in 1901 the Valkenburg community was declared independent. At the time, synagogue services in Valkenburg were held in a rented room at De Passage, and later at two separate addresses on the Lindenlaan. In 1925, a new Jewish cemetery was established at the rear of the public cemetery located on the Cauberg hill.

Due to the location of Valkenburg close to the Dutch-German border, a number of German Jewish refugees arrived in the town during the 1930s. During the World War II German occupation of the Netherlands more than half the Jews of Valkenburg were deported and murdered. An attempt was made to hide the community's Torah scrolls and ceremonial objects in Amsterdam but these were lost and were never recovered.

Very few Jews returned to Valkenburg after the war. The community was dissolved in 1964 and the locale placed within the jurisdiction of the Jewish community at Maastricht. A stone in memory of the Jews of Valkenburg murdered during the Second World War was unveiled at the cemetery on the Cauberg in 1955. Both Jewish cemeteries in Valkenburg are now maintained a local authorities.

Schimmert
A private Jewish cemetery, the property of the single-family, still stands in the municipality of Schimmert.

Jewish population of Valkenburg and surroundings:

1809 10
1840 18
1869 7
1899 22
1930 48
1951 10


Collectie en mediatheek

 Dossier  
Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

 Dossier  1940-1945
Dossier met documenten mbt mevr. Grete Cohen, 1940-1945.
Collectie > Documenten > 00002569

 Priesterschaal  1800-1900
Ronde, koperen schaal met opstaande geprofileerde rand.
Collectie > Museumstukken > 09982-02

meer treffers in Collectie > Museumstukken

 Portretfoto  1941-09-28
Zangeres Amy Cok, 1941.
Collectie > Fotos > 40013040

meer treffers in Collectie > Fotos

 Marken of Valkenburg : de werf Valkestein  1987
Marken of Valkenburg : de werf Valkestein.
Collectie > Literatuur > 11000357

meer treffers in Collectie > Literatuur

 Jaarlijksche Vergadering der Centrale Commissie tot de Algemeene Zaken van het Ned. Isr...  
Verslag van de jaarvergadering van de Centrale Commissie tot de Alg. Zaken van het
Ned. Isr. Kerkgenootschap. Dit verslag is geschreven door een journalist van ...
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20059580

meer treffers in Collectie > Joodse pers

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