Winsum

Jews first settled in Winsum late in the 18th century. An organized Jewish community at Winsum was officially recognized in 1821 at the time of the establishment of a Netherlands-wide Jewish communal structure. The Winsum community grew in numbers between 1825 and 1875 but membership began to shrink thereafter. In 1878, the community built a new synagogue located on the Nieuwstraat in the adjacent village Obergum, in the present day being part of Winsum.

The Winsum Synagogue in 1984 (WL)During its early years, the Winsum community buried its dead at the Jewish cemetery in Groningen. The community established a cemetery of its own, located on the Munsterweg in Winsumermeeden, in 1867. A Jewish cemetery was established in nearby Warffum during the second half of the 19th century.

During the early 20th century, out-migration of Jews from Winsum to industrialized locales caused community ranks to fall even further. By 1934, Jewish population of Winsum had fallen to such a low point that the synagogue was sold.

Almost all of the Jews of Winsum were deported and murdered during the World War II German occupation of the Netherlands. The Winsum community was officially dissolved in 1948 and the locale placed within the jurisdiction of the Jewish community at Groningen. The former synagogue is now used as a meeting hall.

The Jewish cemetery was restored in 1999 and is maintained the local authorities. A statue in memory of the Jews of Warffum was unveiled in the B.H. Broekemastraat in 1977. In 1995, a plaque inscribed with the names of Winsum Jews deported and murdered during the war was affixed to a monument on the Regnerus Praedestinusstraat commemorating the 1945 liberation of the Netherlands. A memorial stone was placed in nearby Eenrum in 1997. In 2002, in nearby Bedum, a memorial plaque was affixed to the Jodenhuis (Jews' house), the onetime home of the two Jewish residents of the locale murdered during the Second World War.

A home originally built for the Winsum Jew Abraham Markus, now comprises part of the open air museum in Warffum and presently houses a Jewish butcher's shop and a small Jewish Museum. 

Jewish population of Winsum and surroundings: 

1809 64
1840 129
1869 152
1899 141
1930 52


Collectie en mediatheek

 Dossier  
Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

meer treffers in Collectie > Documenten

 Fotoalbum  
Twee losbladige fotoalbums met 148 kleurenfoto's van joodse
begraafplaatsen in Nederland, jaren '80.
Collectie > Fotos > 40006664

 Overzichtsfoto  1984
Voormalige synagoge te Winsum, 1984.
Collectie > Fotos > 40002763

 [geen titel]  1913
titel, [geen titel]. bron, Nieuw Isr. Weekblad, vol. 48(1913), nr. 40, p. 5=6.
materiaal, bericht. trefwoorden, Usquert ritueel slachter Hal, .. ...
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20000221

meer treffers in Collectie > Joodse pers

 Klein en groot zijn daar gelijk : de Joodse begraafplaatsen in de provincie Groningen  2009
Klein en groot zijn daar gelijk : de Joodse begraafplaatsen in de provincie Groningen.
Collectie > Literatuur > 12015341

meer treffers in Collectie > Literatuur

 Winsum 1940-1945  2005
Deze DVD en CD-Rom zijn ter gelegenheid van de 60-jarige herdenking van de bevrijding
van Nederland uitgebracht. De Stichting Herdenking 4 mei Winsum nam het initiatief ...
Collectie > Audiovisueel > 40001597

jhm.nljhmkindermuseum.nlhollandscheschouwburg.nlportugesesynagoge.nletshaim.nljoodsmonument.nlmenassehbenisrael.nl