Ulrum(-Leens)

Jews settled in Ulrum and Leens during the second half of the 18th century. Initially, both villages fell within the jurisdiction of the Jewish community at Winsum. In 1806, a building was purchased in Leens to serve as a synagogue for the Jews of Ulrum-Leens and the surrounding villages. In 1877, the Jews of Ulrum-Leens were on board at the status of an independent community. In 1887, a new synagogue was opened in the Julianastraat. The local municipality provided Jewish residents with their own section of the public cemetery; the cemetery was maintained by the municipality.

Julianalaan in Leens, with former synagogue, 1958The majority of the Jews in Ulrum-Leens and surroundings worked as vendors and peddlers, occupations that fell into decline with the rise of industrialization and mass migration to urban areas. Local Jews joined the departure larger cities and of the Jewish population of Ulrum-Leens declined accordingly.

During the World War II German occupation of the Netherlands all of the remaining Jews in Ulrum-Leens were deported and murdered. The synagogue was heavily damaged during the occupation and it is unknown what became of its contents. The building was converted into a private residence after the war. In 1947, the Jewish community at Ulrum-Leens was formally dissolved and the locale placed within the jurisdiction of the Jewish community at Groningen.

Jewish population of Ulrum-Leens and surroundings: 

1809 18
1840 26
1869 40
1899 45
1930 20


Collectie en mediatheek

 Dossier  
Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

 Overzichtsfoto  1981
foto's (3) van joodse begraafplaats Leens.
Collectie > Fotos > 40002416

 Prentbriefkaart  1958 (ca.)
Julianalaan in Leens, met voormalige synagoge, 1958.
Collectie > Fotos > 40001094

 Klein en groot zijn daar gelijk : de Joodse begraafplaatsen in de provincie Groningen  2009
Klein en groot zijn daar gelijk : de Joodse begraafplaatsen in de provincie Groningen.
Collectie > Literatuur > 12015341

meer treffers in Collectie > Literatuur

 [Binnenland] : Leens  1909
De heer V. van Dam en de heer L. van Geuns [sr.] zijn benoemd
tot resp. chatan tora en chatan beresjiet.
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20066235

meer treffers in Collectie > Joodse pers

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