Stedum en Loppersum

Inscription remembering the restauration of the Stedum synagogue, 1925 (RA Groningen)Reports dating to the seventeenth century and the first half of the eighteenth century point to the occasional presence of Jews in and around the villages of Stedum and Loppersum at the time. The first Jewish families to actually settle in Stedum and Loppersum did not do so until sometime after 1750. Two of the newly arrived Jews worked as butchers.

Despite their not having obtained official permission, local Jews gathered for prayer in a private home in Middelstum. At the outset of the nineteenth century the local authorities granted permission for Jews to pray in a private home in Stedum.

The local Jewish community, which also included Jews living in the villages surrounding Uithuizen, enjoyed independent status until 1821. From 1821 until 1830 Stedum and Loppersum were made part of the regional community (Ringsynagoge) of Appingedam; however they still maintained their own independent directorate. In 1830, the Jews of Stedum and Loppersum were again recognized as comprising an independent local community (Bijkerk).

Monument at the cemetery in Loppersum, 2013The location of the private home at which the Jews of Stedum and Loppersum prayed during the mid-nineteenth century is no longer known. From the 1890s on, a building on the road to Bedum served the community as its synagogue. The Jews of Stedum and Loppersum provided their children with Jewish education from the community's inception until sometime early in the twentieth century.

Prior to 1863, the community buried its dead at the Jewish cemetery in Appingedam. Thereafter, the community leased a plot of land at the corner of the Molenweg and De Schepperij in Loppersum to serve as its cemetery. This cemetery remained in use until 1886, when a portion of the public cemetery on the Tuinbouwstraat was assigned to the Jewish community. In June 2013 at the former cemetery a monument was unveiled with 23 names of the Jews that were buried here.   

During the late nineteenth century most breadwinners in the community worked in the meat industry and the livestock trade; others were retailers and a few worked as tailors, drapers, and seamstresses.

In 1906, local Jews established the society Help Elkaar (Help One Another).

During the first third of the twentieth century the community became so small that synagogue services were held only on the High Holidays and on other special occasions. Despite this, new regulations for the Jewish community were introduced in 1922 and the synagogue was restored in 1925.

Under the German occupation of the Netherlands during World War II practically the entire Jewish population of Stedum and Loppersum was deported and murdered. The community was dissolved in 1948 and Stedum and Loppersum placed within the administrative district of the Jewish community of Groningen. The synagogue building was sold and set to other uses. The inscription that was set into the façade of the synagogue during the 1925 restoration was removed and attached to the tower of the Reformed church in Stedum. The Jewish cemetery is maintained by the local authorities.

In Loppersum a Jewish cemetery was discovered on the corner of Molenweg and Schepperijlaan. Now this place is a Jewish monument.

Jewish population of Stedum and Loppersum and surroundings: 

1809 27
1840 50
1869 58
1899 62
1930 29


Collectie en mediatheek

 Dossier  
Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

 Klein en groot zijn daar gelijk : de Joodse begraafplaatsen in de provincie Groningen  2009
Klein en groot zijn daar gelijk : de Joodse begraafplaatsen in de provincie Groningen.
Collectie > Literatuur > 12015341

meer treffers in Collectie > Literatuur

 Verslag van de Handelingen der Permanente Commissie van Juni 1902 tot Juni 1903.  
Jaarverslag van de Permanente Commissie, met oa vermelding van
de in dat jaar toegelaten godsdienstonderwijzers.
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20053576

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jhm.nljhmkindermuseum.nlhollandscheschouwburg.nlportugesesynagoge.nletshaim.nljoodsmonument.nlmenassehbenisrael.nl