Hengelo (G)

In 1750, two Jewish families lived in Hengelo. By 1787, the adult Jewish population was sufficiently large to enable the regular gathering of a quorum of ten men (minyan) for prayers held in a synagogue in a private home. In 1789, the community was assigned a plot of land along the Varsseveldseweg to use as its cemetery.

Postcard with view on Hengelo, with the synagogue on the far left, ca. 1931During the first decade of the nineteenth century, the Jewish population of Hengelo grew to the point that the community received independent status. This status, however, lasted only until 1821, when the Hengelo community was placed under the aegis of that of Doetinchem.
Nevertheless, in 1822, the Jews of Hengelo consecrated a synagogue of their own in a collapsing storage shed on the Hofstraat. The building was repaired in 1837. The community regained its independence during the 1870's and two years later built a new synagogue in the Korte Hofstraat. The community opened a school of its own in 1875, however by 1911 the school had closed. Thereafter, the small number of Jewish children in Hengelo received their Jewish education from a teacher from nearby Lochem. The synagogue council of Hengelo consisted of two members. The community established a council for aid to the poor in 1892.

Under the German occupation of the Netherlands during the Second World War only a few Hengelo Jews succeeded in going into hiding. The rest were deported and murdered. Germans and members of the Dutch collaborationist NSB party burned a number of the Hengelo community's Torah scrolls. The Torah scrolls that came through the war undamaged were later sent to Israel along with a portion of the other remaining ceremonial objects belonging to the community. Those ceremonial objects that were not sent to Israel were divided amongst a number of Jewish communities in the Netherlands.

The Hengelo synagogue was sold soon after the war and razed some years later. The name of the street where the synagogue was located, Korte Hofstraat, was later changed to Synagogestraat (Synagogue Street). The Jewish community of Hengelo was administratively dissolved in 1947 and added to the jurisdiction of the community at Zutphen. The Jewish cemetery at Hengelo was cleared away in 1965. The remains of the dead were exhumed and, together with the cemetery's gravestones, brought to the Jewish cemetery at Zutphen.
A monument in the Raadhuisstraat in Zutphen commemorates local residents who fell during the Second World War. Of the 56 names inscribed on the monument, 32 are those of murdered Jews from Hengelo.

Jewish population of Hengelo, Province of Gelderland: 

1809 22
1840 37
1869 41
1899 43
1930 39

Collectie en mediatheek

Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

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 Prentbriefkaart  1931 (ca.)
Prentbriefkaart met gezicht op Hengelo (G) met links
op de kaart de synagoge, circa 1931.
Collectie > Fotos > 40006164

 Objectfoto  1970-1980
Foto's (2) van een schilderij en een tekening van Agnes van de Brandeler uit
omstreeks 1955 van de synagoge in Hengelo (Gld.), ca. 1970-1980.
Collectie > Fotos > 40012693

 [Binnenlandse berichten (3)] : Arnhem  1906
Verslag van de viering van het tienjarig bestaan van de vereniging "Mekor Chajiem"./
De heer JM Wolff is gekozen tot voorzitter van de Isr. gemeenten en van het ...
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20000277

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 Het Oude Volk : kroniek van joods leven in de Achterhoek, Liemers en het grensgebied  2001
Het Oude Volk : kroniek van joods leven in de Achterhoek, Liemers en het grensgebied.
Collectie > Literatuur > 12009008

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