Eibergen

Synagogue in Eibergen, around 1960 (photo G. Hazewinkel)Eibergen's location on the Dutch-German border made it attractive to German Jewish settlers, who arrived regularly beginning in 1643. In 1786, seven Jewish families in Eibergen paid an annual municipal head tax, the "Jodentribuut" (Jewish Tribute). A Jewish cemetery - referred to by locals as the "Jodenbelt" (Jewish Swath) - was in use prior to 1756. The cemetery was located outside of Eibergen on the Berkel River on the present-day Rekkense Binnenweg. A synagogue existed in Eibergen prior to 1797.

The Eibergen community grew over the first half of the nineteenth century. In 1848, the community built a new synagogue in the middle of the village on the Kleine Hagen. Religious lessons were offered at the synagogue for many years, with only a few brief interruptions. Community organizations in Eibergen included a synagogue council, study fellowship, and a women's society, which also cared for the synagogue's ceremonial objects.

Portrait of Migels Zion and Betje Gans uit Eibergen, ca. 1900 (part. coll.)Half of the Jews of Eibergen were deported and murdered during the Second World War. The other half managed to survive the war in hiding. The interior of the synagogue was ransacked during the war.
 
The Eibergen community was administratively disbanded in 1947 and officially merged into that of Borculo. The synagogue building was sold to the municipality and was later razed in 1961. A monument in memory of the deported Jews of Eibergen was unveiled in 1990. The cemetery is maintained by the municipality.

Jewish population of Eibergen:

1797 33
1809 16
1840 52
1869 84
1899 100
1930 42


Collectie en mediatheek

 Dossier  
Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

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 Fotoalbum  
Twee losbladige fotoalbums met 148 kleurenfoto's van joodse
begraafplaatsen in Nederland, jaren '80.
Collectie > Fotos > 40006664

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 Kleerhanger  1900-1940
houten klerenhanger van het Centraal Warenhuis te Eibergen.
Collectie > Museumstukken > 10538-01

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 De joodse gemeente te Borculo omvattende Borculo, Eibergen, Groenlo, Lochem, Neede en...  1978
De joodse gemeente te Borculo omvattende Borculo, Eibergen,
Groenlo, Lochem, Neede en Ruurlo.
Collectie > Literatuur > 11500125

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 [geen titel]  1938
titel, [geen titel]. bron, Centr. Blad voor Israelieten, vol. 54(1938), nr. 34,
p. 5. materiaal, bericht. trefwoorden, Eibergen godsdienstleraar ...
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20000919

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jhm.nljhmkindermuseum.nlhollandscheschouwburg.nlportugesesynagoge.nletshaim.nljoodsmonument.nlmenassehbenisrael.nl