Dinxperlo

Despite a lack of evidence, it is probable that Jews already resided in Dinxperlo as early as the eighteenth century. By 1815, the village's Jewish population was large enough for synagogue services to be held, albeit in a private residence. Religious lessons were given to Jewish children at the same location. At the time, the majority of the heads of Jewish households in Dinxperlo supported their families by begging.

DinxperloAt first, the Dinxperlo community fell under the aegis of the Jewish community of Winterswijk. By about 1830, however, the Dinxperlo community was awarded independent status. A new synagogue was inaugurated in 1889. The community buried its dead at a cemetery in the small village of Beggelder.

The presence of a carpet factory owned by the Jewish Prins family contributed to the local economy. Nevertheless, the economic situation of most Jewish residents remained poor up to the beginning of the twentieth century.

Because of its location on the German border, and due to the dedication of its mayor, Dinxperlo absorbed many refugees during the 1930's. In 1939, the fiftieth anniversary of the Dinxperlo synagogue was celebrated festively.
 
DinxperloIn September, 1941, the Jewish children of Dinxperlo were excluded from public education and compelled to attend to a regional Jewish school in the city of Doetinchem. In November, 1942, the Jews of the province of Gelderland, including those of Dinxperlo, were deported. Only a few members of the Dinxperlo community survived the war.

The Dinxperlo synagogue had been damaged during the war and was later razed. In 1947, the community was officially absorbed into that of Aalten.

In May, 1988, the Refugee Work Foundation (Stichting Vluchtelingenwerk) unveiled a memorial at Dinxperlo to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the sealing of the Dutch-German border by the Nazi's to prevent the exit of refugees.

Jewish population of Dinxperlo:

1809 19
1840 28
1869 49
1899 63
1930 41


Collectie en mediatheek

 Dossier  
Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

 Prentbriefkaart  1930 (ca.)
Prentbriefkaart van de Dorpstraat in Dinxperlo met synagoge, circa 1930.
Collectie > Fotos > 40006171

meer treffers in Collectie > Fotos

 [Binnenlandse berichten (3)] : Arnhem  1906
Verslag van de viering van het tienjarig bestaan van de vereniging "Mekor Chajiem"./
De heer JM Wolff is gekozen tot voorzitter van de Isr. gemeenten en van het ...
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20000277

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 Het Oude Volk : kroniek van joods leven in de Achterhoek, Liemers en het grensgebied  2001
Het Oude Volk : kroniek van joods leven in de Achterhoek, Liemers en het grensgebied.
Collectie > Literatuur > 12009008

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