Franeker

The first Jewish resident of Franeker was officially registered in 1658. Prior to then, a number of Jews had resided temporarily in Franeker while assisting in the publishing and printing of Hebrew books at the local Protestant college. Jews also studied medicine at the University of Franeker. The first Jewish student to be awarded a doctorate at the university received his degree in 1747.

Throughout the eighteenth century the Jewish population of Franeker remained small. An organized Jewish community did not arise in Franeker until the beginning of the nineteenth century. In 1821, the Franeker community was declared a Bijkerk (local community) under the Ringsynagoge (regional community) of the city of Harlingen. In 1830, the Franeker community was formally merged into that of Harlingen.

During the 1930's, a Zionist kibbutz for religious Palestine pioneers was located in Franeker. Dozens of young Jews obtained agricultural training at the kibbutz prior to the German invasion of the Netherlands in 1940.

Most of the Jews of Franeker were arrested and deported in a single raid in 1941. Only a few survived the war. A very small number of local Jews came through the war in hiding.

Jewish population of Franeker:

1809 ?
1840 26
1869 38
1899 19
1930 10


Collectie en mediatheek

 Dossier  
Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

 Verslag  1941-11-08
Verslag Joodse Raad met betrekking bezoek Asscher en Cohen aan Aus der Fünten, 1941.
Collectie > Documenten > 00000100

 Medaille  1918
object, medaille. makers, onbekend (BU) onbekend. materiaal, zilver (verguld).
datering, 1918. plaats, Nederland. hoogte, 5.5. diepte, ø 4.1. ...
Collectie > Museumstukken > 02701

 Bevolkingsoverzicht Joden in Friesland midden 19e eeuw  1998
Bevolkingsoverzicht Joden in Friesland midden 19e eeuw.
Collectie > Literatuur > 12006341

 Hebrew and hebraists in Franeker in the 17th and 18th centuries  1995
Hebrew and hebraists in Franeker in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Collectie > Literatuur > 12004379

 [Binnenlandse berichten] : Amsterdam  1869
Ingezonden brief over een goede burger die een gevangenisstraf moet uitzitten terwijl
een krankzinnige ongestraft het volk tegen de joden ophitste.
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20017980

meer treffers in Collectie > Joodse pers

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