Emmen

Synagogue at the Julianastraat, around 1965Jewish traders settled in the peat-cutting settlement of Emmen in about 1840. At first, they were included in the Jewish community of the nearby town Coevorden but their numbers grew so quickly that in 1876 they were recognized as an independent community in their own right.

A synagogue was consecrated on the Julianastraat in Emmen in 1878 and was enlarged several times over the decades that followed. From 1885 until 1915 the community buried its dead in a cemetery of located on the Oranjekanaal in the direction of Westeres. In 1915, the community opened a new cemetery directly behind the synagogue. The Emmen community maintained a religious school, a study fellowship for men, and a women's society for the care of the interior of the synagogue. A local Jewish theater group was active during the 1920's.

During the early years of the community, most of the Jews of Emmen were traders who dealt with local farmers. Later, some became shopkeepers, with a number eventually owning stores on the Emmen's main shopping street. Economic conditions, however, were not ideal and by the outset of the twentieth century twenty percent of the Jews of Emmen were dependent on charity.

Synagogue in Emmen, 1984 (WL)During the Second World War, the same anti-Jewish measures were applied in Emmen as elsewhere in the Netherlands. The majority of the local Jews were deported in 1942 and were subsequently murdered in Nazi death camps. Only a few dozen managed to survive the war in hiding. The synagogue was used by the Germans as a warehouse for possessions seized from local Jews and came through the war undamaged.

After the war, a small Jewish community was established anew in Emmen. The synagogue was sold to the municipality for a token sum in 1974 and was restored in 1975 and again in 1994. The building is still used occasionally for religious services by the Jewish community of the province of Drenthe. Two plaques mounted inside the synagogue contain the names of local Jews murdered during the war. A monument to their memory was unveiled near the synagogue on the Julianastraat in 2000. On the Jewish Day of Atonement of the very same year the synagogue was severely damaged by a bomb attack. The damage was repaired and the synagogue re-consecrated in 2001.

Nieuw-Amsterdam-Veenoord
From 1899 on, the nearby twin village of Nieuw-Amsterdam-Veenoord boasted a synagogue of its own. The community also had its own cemetery, located on the Boerdijk. Despite having their own synagogue and cemetery, and regardless of their repeated applications, the Jews of Nieuw-Amsterdam (Veenoord) were never recognized as an independent community.

The cemetery at Nieuw-Amsterdam-Veenoord is today maintained by the municipality of Sleen.

Jewish population of Emmen and surroundings:

1809 48
1840 30
1869 87
1899 167
1930 182
1951 30
1971 34


Collectie en mediatheek

 Dossier  
Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

 De Nederlandsch Israëlietische Gemeente te Emmen  1928-08-04
Krantenartikel in de Provinciale Drentsche en Asser Courant van K. Supheert
over de Nederlandsch Israëlietische Gemeente in Emmen, 1928.
Collectie > Documenten > 00012314

 Siertoren  1912-1913
Ronde siertoren met 5 bellen.
Collectie > Museumstukken > B1839

meer treffers in Collectie > Museumstukken

 Portretfoto  1909 (ca.)
Portretfoto van Selma Frank op 5-jarige leeftijd, 1909.
Collectie > Fotos > 40000967

meer treffers in Collectie > Fotos

 Verslag van de handelingen der Permanente Commissie tot de Alg. Zaken van het N.I...  1909
Vierde en laatste deel van het jaarverslag van de Permanente Commissie.
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20065915

meer treffers in Collectie > Joodse pers

 De Nederlandsch - Israelietische Gemeente te Emmen : naar aanleiding van haar 50-jarig...  1928
De Nederlandsch - Israelietische Gemeente te Emmen : naar aanleiding van
haar 50-jarig bestaan ; 1878 - 1928 in september a.s.
Collectie > Literatuur > 11000092

meer treffers in Collectie > Literatuur

jhm.nljhmkindermuseum.nlhollandscheschouwburg.nlportugesesynagoge.nletshaim.nljoodsmonument.nlmenassehbenisrael.nl