Beilen

The presence of an organized Jewish community in Beilen dates to 1850.

In 1855, the Beilen community was brought under the aegis of the Jewish community of Assen. In its early years, the Beilen community held religious services in a small private house. In 1885, a new synagogue was dedicated. Its construction was supported in part by donations from local non-Jews.

In 1860, the Beilen community founded a burial society of its own and purchased a site for a cemetery at the nearby settlement of Eursing.

The Jewish children of Beilen received their religious education from teachers from nearby communities From 1903 on, the community disposed of a permanent school building. The Jews of Beilen did not have their own ritual bath but used ritual baths at Assen and Hoogeveen when needed.

In 1939, a camp for refugees from Germany was built at Westerbork, within the boundaries of Beilen. Ironically, the camp was used during the Second World War as a detention center for Dutch Jews prior to their deportation to concentration camps in Germany and Poland. The site of the former camp is now home to the Memorial Center Camp Westerbork.

The majority of the Jews of the Beilen perished in Nazi death camps. The mayor of Beilen refused to cooperate in their deportation and was dismissed from office and expelled from the province of Drenthe. Following the deportations, the Beilen synagogue was robbed of its contents and used by the Germans as a garage. The synagogue was razed after the war.

In 1950, Beilen's Jewish community organization was dissolved and merged into that of Assen. Today local authorities care for Beilen's Jewish cemetery. Since 1991, the pediment of the façade of the former synagogue is on display in the hallway of Beilen's town hall.

The Jewish population of Beilen:

1809 21
1840 26
1869 71
1899 69
1930 65


Collectie en mediatheek

 Dossier  
Dossiers (158) van de Commissie voor Oorlogsschade mbt 155 joodse
gemeentes (Amsterdam en mediene), 1945-1950.
Collectie > Documenten > 00005954

 Handleiding tot de kennis en voorschriften omtrent de besnijdenis  1896-1930
Besnijdenisregister van Salomon Abraham van Witsen, 1896-1930.
Collectie > Documenten > 00002324

 Groepsfoto  1900 (?)
Portretfoto van Philip, Abraham, Joel, Hartog en Rubertus Denneboom, Beilen, 1900.
Collectie > Fotos > 40002697

meer treffers in Collectie > Fotos

 Herdenking van het 25-jarig bestaan der synagoge te Beilen  1910
titel, Herdenking van het 25-jarig bestaan der synagoge te Beilen. bron, Nieuw
Isr. Weekblad, vol. 45(1910), nr. 36, p. 3. materiaal, bericht. ...
Collectie > Joodse pers > 20000407

meer treffers in Collectie > Joodse pers

 Denneboom (Beilen - Leek - Israel)  1994
Denneboom (Beilen - Leek - Israel).
Collectie > Literatuur > 11509598

 Interview met Bertha Menco (Denneboom ) en Rivka (Beilen, 1900-07-26) over jeugd in...  1983
titel, Interview met Bertha Menco (Denneboom ) en Rivka (Beilen, 1900-07-26) over
jeugd in Beilen, joodse les en joods leven in de mediene. maker, Cahen, Joël. ...
Collectie > Audiovisueel > 30000010

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